Symptoms, Treatment, and Surgery of Torn Cartilage in Telangana

Have you suffered a sports injury? Consult Dr. Rajesh Thunuguntla, one of the best orthopedic surgeon in Telangana. He offers effective treatment for various sports injuries, including cartilage tear in Telangana. Get in touch at 09866597577

Rajesh Thunuguntla Created on 25th Feb, 22

Cartilage tears are the most common type of joint injury, especially in people involved in sports. Often, it affects the knee cartilage. This part of cartilage is known as the meniscus. However, the cartilage in other joints such as the shoulder, elbow, hip, and ankle are also impacted.

 

The extent and location of the injury determine the treatment for torn cartilage. Major damage to the cartilage might cause it to degrade over time, necessitating surgery.

Because a torn cartilage does not usually have its blood supply, it cannot heal on its own and must be repaired.

If you suspect you have a cartilage tear, seek advice from a well-qualified and skilled orthopedic doctor in Telangana like Dr. Rajesh Thunuguntla. He can examine you, assess your condition, discuss the treatment options and recommend the best choice for you.

 

Moreover, he is a board-certified and fellowship-trained arthroscopic and orthopedic surgeon in Telangana. He is skilled in diagnosing and treating a wide range of minor to challenging musculoskeletal conditions, including cartilage injuries, meniscal tearsACL injuriespatellar dislocations, and those requiring complex treatments or therapies.

Continue reading this article to know more about torn cartilage symptoms, types, and treatment options.  

 

First, let’s see,

What is Cartilage?

Cartilage

Cartilage is the protective tissue layer covering the ends of the joint bones. It protects the bones by providing a strong, shock-absorbing coating cushioning them and allowing smooth movement. Other body parts, such as the nose and ears, include various types of cartilage.

Cartilage

The specialized cartilage structures, the menisci in the knee, helps stabilize the joint. It also acts as a shock absorber, cushioning the joint and preventing the bones from rubbing each other. 

If you suffer a meniscal tear, it can cause severe knee pain, stiffness, swelling, locking, or loss of function.

Now, let’s know the,

Causes of Knee Cartilage Tear

Common reasons for torn cartilage are:

  • Walking on an uneven surface 
  • Climbing stairs or mountains
  • Bending the knee too far
  • Contact sports such as football
  • Playing sports that involve twisting, turning, spinning, such as golf or basketball
  • Bending (particularly while lifting a heavyweight)

Symptoms of Knee Cartilage Tear

Symptoms such as discomfort and knee-buckling may appear immediately after an injury. But this is not always the case; cartilage damage can occur gradually over time, resulting in periodic symptoms. 

Some patients with meniscus tears have no symptoms and are unaware of the injury.

 

Even if you are not in pain, you will most likely experience one or more of the following symptoms:

  • numbness or soreness in the knee (especially when walking or running long distances)
  • knee joint buckling or locking
  • crunching or popping sound while walking (especially up and downstairs)
  • severe pain under the kneecap
  • inability to bear weight
  • difficulty in bending or straightening the knee
  • fluid accumulation inside the knee joint causing swelling
  • stiffness in knee joint

 

Let’s look at the,

 

Different Types of Cartilage Tears

The following are the most common types of knee cartilage tear:

1. Articular cartilage tears injure the cartilage that covers the bone ends of the knee joint. An injury to articular cartilage is known as chondral injury. Cyclists, runners, skiers, and soccer players often suffer from this injury.

 

2. Meniscus tears damage the C-shaped shock absorbers located on both sides of the knee joint. These tears can occur at any age. However, they are more common in contact sports such as hockey or football. 

Knee ligament injuries like ACL and PCL tears are usually misinterpreted with cartilage injuries. Though these are also knee components with comparable symptoms to cartilage tears, they are different and may require other treatment.

Diagnosis of Torn Cartilage

Getting a diagnosis is the first step in treating a cartilage tear. Your orthopedic doctor in Telangana may record the medical history and inquire about any recent injuries or activities that exacerbate your symptoms.

Your doctor may recommend an X-Ray or MRI scan to confirm a diagnosis and rule out any additional damage to the knees, such as fractures, arthritis, or ligament tears like the ACL.

Treatment of Torn Cartilage

A. Non-surgical treatment

If your cartilage tear is minor and located in an area of the meniscus with adequate blood flow, it may heal on its own in a few weeks. RICE therapy (rest, ice, compression, and elevation) or NICE therapy (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines, such as ibuprofen or naproxen), ice, compression, and elevation) can help some patients with minor tears that heal on their own.

 

However, you should consult an orthopedist in Telangana if your symptoms are severe, affecting your routine activities, or last longer than several weeks. Ignoring a cartilage tear can lead to increased knee joint instability and damage.

Suppose the RICE therapy doesn’t alleviate the pain or the disabling condition of the injured joint. In that case, your orthopedic doctor may recommend physiotherapy and lifestyle modifications, which may be deteriorating the injury. 

 

A mild torn meniscus on the outside area of the meniscus may not require surgery because the blood supply is adequate there, and hence the meniscus can heal on its own. On the other hand, some tears can cause the joints to become unstable, necessitating surgery. A visit to an experienced orthopedic surgeon in Telangana can assist in determining the status of your knee cartilage and the best treatment for alleviating your pain and protecting your bones from osteoarthritis.

B. Surgical Treatment

After a thorough diagnosis, your doctor may suggest surgery to repair the torn knee cartilage. Orthopedic surgeons usually repair cartilage tears, such as a torn knee meniscus, with arthroscopic surgery. Dr. Rajesh Thunuguntla has years of experience and immense expertise in executing arthroscopic procedures.

 

Arthroscopic surgery involves inserting tiny, narrow surgical equipment through small incisions. This procedure assists the surgeon in observing, diagnosing, and treating defects inside a joint with minimal invasiveness, resulting in minor tissue trauma and faster healing. The arthroscope comprises a lens and a lighting system having a fibre-optic camera. It helps the surgeon observe magnified, real-time images on a monitor and take pictures and video recordings of the internal parts of the joint.

 

Depending on the type of your injury, the state of the cartilage and bone, and any underlying medical conditions, your orthopedist in Telangana may recommend one of the following treatments:

1. Meniscus repair

  • Arthroscopic meniscus repair involves suturing torn fragments of meniscal cartilage back together.
  • Partial meniscectomy involves trimming away the damaged parts of your meniscus, leaving only healthy tissue.
  • Full meniscectomy entails removing the entire meniscus.
Meniscus repair
  • Total knee replacement is done when the patient has severe damage and/or bone deterioration.

2. Articular cartilage tear repair

For articular cartilage tears, surgeons may implement drilling, burring, or micro fracturing techniques to activate the bone and produce scar cartilage. Larger osteo-chondral fragments can be repaired with mini-open incision. Often, surgeons utilize these procedures on younger patients and athletes having isolated articular cartilage abnormalities. Surgeons may suggest a total knee replacement for older patients with severe articular cartilage damage.

 

Dr. Rajesh Thunuguntla can assist you if you have had a joint injury or a sports injury. He focuses on providing less-invasive and result-oriented treatment that helps the patient recover faster.

We look forward to assisting you in resuming your active, pain-free lifestyle!

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